For many years, the international community has been mobilizing efforts to eliminate child labour. Child labour is any work that deprives children of their childhood, and that is harmful to their physical and mental development.

Despite all activities, the percentage of children in child labour and hazardous work has remained unchanged since 2016, while the absolute number of children increased to 8.9 million, 6.5 million of whom are in hazardous work.

Projections for future progress show that, as a result of the pandemic globally, 9 million additional children are at risk of being pushed into child labour by the end of 2022.

In the International Laboure Organization (ILO), governments, employess and workers have established international standards on child labour in particular Convesntions no. 138 and no. 182.

Convention no. 138 requires states to commit to national policies for the abolition of child labour and to establish a minumum age for admission to work. This minimum age cannot be lower than the age at which compulsory schooling ends, and genereally not lower that 15 years. The minimum age for hazardous work is 18 for all countries.

Convention no. 182 calls on governments to take urgent and immediate action regarding worst forms of child labour performed by children under the age of 18.

Source: International Labour Organization

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